Oral hygiene

Frequently asked questions about oral hygiene

The brand of the toothbrush is not nearly as important as the type of bristle, the size and shape of the head and how frequently you replace your brush.
We recommend a toothbrush with soft bristles and a small head. The soft bristles are very important for the health of your gums. A small head allows you to reach each tooth more completely and is less likely to injure your gums. Daily frequency of teeth brushing and periodical replacement of the toothbrush are much more important aspects than the brand you choose.
We recommend you to replace your toothbrush at least once a month. We recommend you to brush your teeth at least twice a day.

Deep brushing twice a day and cleaning between the teeth daily with dental floss or other interdental cleaning products usually help remove normal levels of plaque. Keep this advice in mind when you brush your teeth. Place the brush at a 45 degree angle to the teeth and use a back and forth movement. Remember to clean the inside teeth surfaces where bacterial plaque deposits are large, and clean the back teeth and tongue.

Yes. Even if teeth are protected by a thick layer of enamel, they can deteriorate from improper tooth brushing. Abrasion can occur on the crown of the tooth as well as in the soft cementum that covers the tooth roots, which can be exposed by receding gums. These exposed surfaces can damage easily. When you brush your teeth, be careful to use gentle, short movements on the entire surface of the tooth.

Dental floss and other interdental cleaning products remove bacterial plaque from between the teeth and under the gumline, areas where the toothbrush can not reach. If you do not have this habit, it is never too late to start.
When using dental floss, keep in mind the following advice. Gently introduce the dental floss between the teeth and gum line, do not snap it. Form a “c” against the sides of teeth and gently move the dental floss up and down the tooth, moving it from under the gum line to the top of the tooth.
Establish a regular method of flossing and remember to clean the backside of the last teeth. If you use interdental cleaning products, ask your dentist how to use them correctly in order to avoid injury to your gums.

Brushing with toothpaste is important for a number of reasons. First of all, toothpaste and a proper brushing work to remove plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that develops on your teeth and causes decays, gum diseases, and eventual tooth loss if it is not controlled.
Second, the toothpaste contains fluoride, which confers teeth more resistance to degradation and promotes remineralization, which helps in repairing early degradation before the damage can even be seen. Third, special ingredients of toothpaste help to clean and polish the teeth and, over time, to remove stains. Fourth, toothpaste refreshes breath and leaves your mouth with a clean feeling.

As long as your toothpaste contains fluoride, the brand is not so important, whether or not it is paste, gel, or even powder, or has a certain flavor. All fluoride toothpastes work effectively against plaque and clean and polish tooth enamel.
If your teeth are hypersensitive to hot or cold, consider using a toothpaste specially designed for sensitive teeth, toothpaste containing baking soda and/or hydrogen peroxide (both cleansing agents), these giving the mouth a clean, fresh, pleasant feeling that can be a reason to brush more, but the true active ingredient protecting your teeth is the fluoride.
Some persons prefer a tartar control toothpaste containing pyrophosphates to prevent the depositing of calculus on teeth. New pastes offer advanced whitening formulas aimed at removing stains and making teeth brighter and shinier, although they can not nearly match the effectiveness of a professional whitening formula administered or prescribed by a dentist.

In spite of what toothpaste commercials say, the quantity of toothpaste or gel on your toothbrush does not need huge quantities for effective cleaning. Simply squeeze the tube until on the top half of your toothbrush appears a pea-sized amount of paste.
If you brush correctly holding the toothbrush at a 45 degree angle and brush inside, outside and between your teeth, the paste should foam enough to cover all of your teeth. Children under 6 should have a very small amount of toothpaste on their brush.

No. Even though deep brushing after each meal helps, using dental floss every day to remove plaque and food particles between teeth and at the gum line is just as important. Studies prove that plaque will develop again on cleaned teeth within 3- 4 hours after brushing. You also need to maintain regular hygienic cleaning at your dental cabinet – at least every 6 months (or more often if so recommended).
Frequently asked questions about bad breath (oral halitosis)

More than 90 million people suffer from chronic halitosis or bad breath In most cases it is generate by the tongue and the gum.

Even though there are a few exceptions, in most cases halitosis originates in the mouth. It is caused by oral bacteria that decompose food that is difficult to digest as well as by their degradation. This process creates byproducts named sulfuric compounds which have a smell similar to rotten eggs.
The type of bacteria that initiates this process needs an environment without oxygen and, therefore, they are located in areas that are difficult to reach, such as pockets around teeth and the fissure of the tongue. In some cases, the odor may be caused by diseases such as diabetes, or problems of the sinus, pharynx, lungs or stomach. Other residues in your mouth and poor oral hygiene can also cause odor.
Therefore, the first step in solving problems concerning bad breath is a medical examination to ensure that there is no system problem contributing to this condition. There is a series of other factors that can cause halitosis: tobacco, alcohol, mouth rinse containing alcohol, garlic, onion, spicy food, hunger and dry mouth. These are all secondary factors to the main one – oral bacteria. If you are concerned about bad breath, please discuss this aspect with us.

Bad breath can also appear to people that have a medical infection, gum disease, diabetes, kidney or liver failure. Xerostomia (dry mouth) and tobacco also contribute to this problem. Patients who have cancer and undergo radiation therapy may experience dry mouth sensation. Even stress, diet, snoring, age and hormonal changes can affect your breath. An odor that comes from the back of the tongue may indicate post nasal secretion. This is the place where the mucus secretion comes from the nose and moves down the throat, stays on the tongue and produces an odor. Bad breath coming from the stomach, however, is considered to be rare.

If it is obvious that the bacteria are responsible, the methods to reduce them are the first line of defense. Therefore, if you have bad breath, you should ask a complete dental check-up that includes a periodontal check-up.
Keeping your mouth as clean as possible helps eliminate bacteria. In fact, this cleaning process can be considered „full-mouth disinfection”, focusing on the area where bacteria may reside.
This „disinfection” includes thorough brushing, proper use of dental floss, rinsing the mouth and cleaning the tongue. At Velvet Dental we have a whole line of products for dental hygiene. Remember, you are not alone. We are here to help.
It is also very important to maintain correct oral hygiene, which implies, for instance, teeth brushing and use of the dental floss at least twice a day. To alleviate the odor, clean your tongue with the toothbrush or o tongue brush, a plastic instrument to remove the bacteria from the tongue. Chewing sugar free gum also may help to control the bad breath.
If you have denture or temporary devices, such as braces or a mouthguard, clean the device carefully before putting it on. Before using mouth rinse, spray or pills, talk with our dentists because these products only mask the odor temporarily and some products have better results than others.

Saliva is the key element in your oral cavity that helps having control over odor because it helps to eliminate food particles and bacteria, the main cause of bad breath. During sleep, however, salivary glands reduce the production of saliva allowing the bacteria to grow inside the mouth. To alleviate “morning breath,” brush your teeth and have breakfast. Morning breath is also associated with hunger or fasting. Persons who skip breakfast must be careful because the odor may reappear even if they have brushed their teeth.

Very spicy foods, such as onion and garlic, as well as coffee, may be detected in a person’s breath for 72 hours after digestion. Onion, for instance, is absorbed by the stomach and the odor is eliminated through the lungs. Studies revealed that even garlic rubbed on the soles of the feet can show up in the breath.