Oral and maxillo-facial surgery includes surgical treatment of cervico-facial soft parts, visceral skull bones, salivary glands, temporo-mandibular joints, cranio-facial deformities and malformations, reconstructive plaster in the oral and maxillo-facial spheres and surgical treatment of dento-periodontal diseases.
The specialty consists of two parts:
- Maxillofacial surgery – which involves large-scale interventions, made only after an hospital admission where permanent care is mandatory after the intervention and
- Dento-alveolar surgery – which includes interventions commonly performed in a dental clinic under local-regional anesthesia. In this category we can find:
- Simple Dental Extraction by which a sick tooth is extracted, which can not be treated by any conservative method and Surgical Dental Extraction.
After extracting a tooth, a blood clot will be formed to help heal the bone and gum. To stop bleeding, prevent infection, and protect this clot, compressions will be applied to the wound within 1 hour of extraction. The post-extraction indications given by the surgeon should also be strictly followed.
Apical Resection is a surgical method that consists in removing the dental apex together with the infected surrounding bone tissue, whether or not preceded by the correct endodontic treatment and the perfect filling of the canal.
The indications of apical resection can be grouped into several categories:
- Anatomical problems that prevent proper channel cleaning and obturation
- Problems related to the prosthetic restoration of the teeth involved
- Horizontal fractures of root with apical necrosis
- Obstacles along the root canal that can not be overcome by endodontic treatment
- Procedural errors in endodontic treatment
- Large periapical lesions that can no longer be resolved by canal treatment.
NEW! Plasma Treatment : A-PRF (Advanced Platelet Rich Fibrin)
One of the newest techniques successfully used in oral surgery, is the technique of-PRF.
A-PRF is a platelet-rich plasma obtained from blood extracted from the patient and processed laboratory processes, namely by centrifugation. Extraction and processing of plasma runs during surgical operations (extraction, sinus lift dental implant) and these operations shall be completed with the use of plasma obtained in the surgical area.
A-PRF is the latest technology which reduces the healing time Up to 50% after a oral surgery!
Membranes obtained from A-PRF is used in:
- dental implant surgery
- the operation of addition bone
- sinus lift surgery
- dental extraction
- treatment of periodontitis in the surgery with flap
Sinus Lift is surgery that adds bone to your upper jaw in the area of your molars and premolars.
A sinus lift is done when there is not enough bone height in the upper jaw, or the sinuses are too close to the jaw, for dental implants to be placed.
When is necessary:
- when you do not have enough bone for implants to be placed
- periodontal (gum) disease with bone lost
- tooth loss. Once teeth are gone, bone begins to be resorbed. If teeth have been missing for a long time, there often is not enough bone left to place implants.
Bone Grafts – In need a natural or synthetic bone is placed in the area of bone loss, which can help promote bone growth. A small piece of mesh-like material is inserted between the bone and gum tissue. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regrow.
Gingivectomy is a safe and predictable procedure that aims to remove excess gingival tissue to improve the look of a smile. The first step in gingivectomy or gingival remodeling is to ensure that all areas involved are perfectly anesthetized. After this, a small incision is performed and excess gingival tissue is removed.
Periodontal (Gum) Diseases are diseases of the gum and alveolar bone as well as the ligaments that support the tooth in the alveolus. They are mainly caused by the bacterial plaque that causes the inflammation of the marginal periodontium. In the early stages, periodontal disease is called gingivitis and is reversible by proper treatment and maintenance of rigorous hygiene. Untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis (periodontitis) and finally loss of teeth on the arcade.
Symptoms of gum disease:
- Bad breath
- Red or swollen gums
- Tender or bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
If you notice any of these symptoms please inform your dentist as soon as possible.